UHRC conducts primary research in slum settings and analyses of large data sets such as the National Family Health Survey.
- A collaborative research with the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, King George Medical University, India surveyed women who gave birth in the three years preceding the survey. Results showed that 60% of pregnancies were registered with a health facility, and of these, only one quarter were registered with a government facility. Early registration facilitates early and frequent check-ups during pregnancy and immediately after pregnancy and allows timely screening for complications. The survey showed that the low rate of government registrations was likely a result of poor-functioning public facilities, short-staffing of female doctors, poor referral systems, long queues, and impolite treatment towards slum women.UHRC collaborated with IIED, UK for research on social exclusion of urban migrants. This research included studying the extent of exclusion or inclusion experienced by migrants less than 1 year in the city, those with up to two years in the city, seasonal migrants and older settlers who were in the city for more than five years. The report entitled Urban Migration and Social Exclusion Study from Indore Slums and Informal Settlements is available online. UHRC collaborated with the Population Council, New York to undertake a research for understanding the aspirations, challenges and opportunities of migrant adolescent girls in slums. The report is published by way of a research article Migrant Adolescent Girls in Urban Slums India: Aspirations, Opportunities and Challenges.
- UHRC’s program research focusses on lived challenges of slum communities and approaches they adopt to deal with the difficulties pertaining to climate change. Published works include Urban Vegetable Gardening Brings Greening to Slum Environment and Helps Mitigate Climate Change Effects and Local solutions by slum communities to deal with summer water scarcity: Learning from Indore, India.
- Analysis of the National Family Health Survey
UHRC undertook analysis of NFHS-2 and NFHS-3 to unmask the intra-urban health, nutrition and well-being disparities that get masked owing to the comparison of urban aggregate data with rural data.
Published works include Urbanization, Urban Poverty and Health of the Urban Poor: Status, Challenges and the Way Forward, and The state of urban health in India; comparing the poorest quartile to the rest of the urban population in selected states and cities
To read our reports, papers, book chapters, please go to the Resources page.