Papers and Articles

  1. Dodman D., Sverdlik A., Agarwal S., Kadungure A., Kothiwal K., Machemedze R., Verma S. (2023). Climate change and informal workers: Towards an agenda for research and practice. Urban Climate. Available here
  1. Agarwal, S., Banda, N., Dodman, D., Kadungure, A., Kothiwal, K., Machemedze, R., Malaya, W., Sverdlik, A., Verma, S., (2022). Prioritising Action on Health and Climate Resilience for Informal Workers. IIED, London.
  1. Slum Health: Arresting COVID-19 and Improving Well-Being in Urban Informal Settlements (2020). Corburn C, Vlahov D, Mberu B, Riley L, Caiaffa TW, Rashid S, Ko, Patel S, Jukur S, Martínez-Herrera E, Jayasinghe S, Agarwal S, Nguendo-Yongsi B, Weru J, Ouma S, Edmundo K, Oni T & Ayad H. Journal of Urban Health. Available here 
  1. Zhang, C., Cao, X., Nagpure, A., & Agarwal, S. (2019). Exploring rider satisfaction with transit service in Indore, India: An application of the three-factor theory. Transportation Letters, 11(8), 469-477. Available here  
  1. Agarwal, S., Verma, S., Verma, N., Kothiwal, K & Goel. S (2018). When Indian Women Negotiate with Local Authorities to Improve Their Lives in a Slum. The Conversation. Available here 
  1. Agarwal, S., Jones, E., & Verma, S. (2016). Migrant Adolescent Girls in Urban Slums India: Aspirations, Opportunities and Challenges. Indian Journal of Youth & Adolescent Health 8-21. Available here  
  1. Addressing Inequities in Urban Health: Do Decision-Makers Have the Data They Need? Report from the Urban Health Data Special Session at International Conference on Urban Health Dhaka 2015. Available here  
  1. Gupta, P., Singh, K., Seth, V., Agarwal, S., & Mathur, P. (2015). Coping strategies adopted by households to prevent food insecurity in urban slums of Delhi, India. Journal of Food Security, 3(1), 6-10. Available here 
  1. Agarwal S. (2014). Making the Invisible Visible. Infochange Agenda. Available here  
  1. Agarwal, S., & Sethi, V. (2013). Nutritional disparities among women in urban India. Journal of health, population, and nutrition, 31(4), 531. Available here 
  1. Roundtable on Urban Living Environment Research (RULER) (2011). David Vlahov, Siddharth Raj Agarwal, Robert M. Buckley, Waleska Teixeira Caiaffa, Carlos F. Corvalan, Alex Chika Ezeh, Ruth Finkelstein, Sharon Friel, Trudy Harpham, Maharufa Hossain, Beatriz de Faria Leao, Gora Mboup, Mark R. Montgomery, Julie C. Netherland, Danielle C. Ompad, Amit Prasad, Andrew T. Quinn, Alexander Rothman, David E. Satterthwaite, Sally Stansfield & Vanessa J. Watson. Journal of Urban Health. Available here  
  1. Agarwal S. (2011). The state of urban health in India; comparing the poorest quartile to the rest of the urban population in selected states and cities. Environment & Urbanisation. Available here  
  1. Agarwal S. (2011). The Invisible Poor. Health City Design. Available here  
  1. Agarwal, S., Sethi, V., Srivastava, K., Jha, P. K., & Baqui, A. H. (2010). Birth preparedness and complication readiness among slum women in Indore city, India. Journal of health, population, and nutrition, 28(4), 383. Available here 
  1. Schiffman, J., Darmstadt, G. L., Agarwal, S., & Baqui, A. H. (2010, December). Community-based intervention packages for improving perinatal health in developing countries: a review of the evidence. In Seminars in perinatology (Vol. 34, No. 6, pp. 462-476). WB Saunders. Available here  
  1. Agarwal, S., Satyavada, A., Kaushik, S., & Kumar, R. (2007). Urbanization, urban poverty and health of the urban poor: status, challenges and the way forward. Demography India, 36(1). Available here 
  1.  Agarwal, S., Bhanot, A., & Goindi, G. (2005). Understanding and addressing childhood immunization coverage in urban slums. Indian Pediatrics, 42(7), 653. Available here  
  1. Agarwal, S., & Taneja, S. (2005). All slums are not equal: child health conditions among the urban poor. Indian Pediatrics, 42. Available here  

Book Chapters

  1. Agarwal, S., Kothiwal, K., Verma, S., Sharma, M. (2023). Impacts of COVID-19 on Public Health in Urban Slums in India and Lessons for the Future. In: Fazli, A., Kundu, A. (eds) Reimagining Prosperity. Palgrave Macmillan, Singapore.

  1. Agarwal S., Kothiwal, K., Verma, S., Verma, N., Vishwakarma K. (2023) Perseverance in the Face of Water Scarcity in Hot Summer Seasons: A Case Study of Slum Communities in Indore, India. (Chapter 11), Advances in 21st Century Human Settlements, Debnath Mookherjee et al. (Eds): Urban Transformational Landscapes in the City-Hinterlands of Asia. Springer Nature. ISBN: 978-981-19-8725-0. Available here

  1. Agarwal, S., Verma, S., Verma, N., Vishvakarma, K., & Kothiwal, K. (2021). Urban Vegetable Gardening Brings Greening to Slum Environment and Helps Mitigate Climate Change Effects. In AUC 2019 (pp. 73-85). Springer, Singapore. Available here  

  1. Agarwal, S., Verma, S., Kothiwal, K., Verma, N., & Vishvakarma, K. (2021). Slum Children-Youth Groups Demonstrate Zest, Collective Confidence, and Tenacity to Improve Access to Education and Self-development Opportunities. In AUC 2019 (pp. 137-148). Springer, Singapore. Available here  

  1. Montgomery, M. R., Balk, D., Liu, Z., Agarwal, S., Jones, E., & Adamo, S. (2016). Urban migration of adolescent girls: Quantitative results from developing countries. In International Handbook of Migration and Population Distribution (pp. 573-604). Springer, Dordrecht. Available here 

  1. Agarwal, Siddharth. ” Health Disparities in Urban India: “. Slum Health: From the Cell to the Street, edited by Jason Corburn and Lee Riley, Berkeley: University of California Press, 2016, pp. 229-257. Available here  


  1. Agarwal, S., Kothiwal, K., Verma, S. (2022) From Risks to Resilience: Action Research into Informal workers’ Health and Wellbeing in Indore, India. IIED, London.
  1. Urban Migration and Social Exclusion: Study from Indore Slums and Informal Settlements. (2016) Available here  
  1. Public-Private Mix: a Public Health Fix? Strategies for Health Sector Reform in South and Southeast Asia. (2007). Available here  
  1. Maternal and Newborn Care Practices Among the Urban poor in Indore, India- Gaps, Reasons and Potential Program Options. (2007). Available here  
  1. State of Urban Health in Delhi. (2007). Available here  
  1. State of Urban Health in Uttar Pradesh. (2006). Available here  
  1. State of Urban Health in Madhya Pradesh (2006). Available here  
  1. State of Urban Health in Rajasthan.(2006). Available here  
  1. Technical Assistance to the Government of India for Urban Health Planning and National Guidelines (2004). Available here  
  1. Situational Analysis for Guiding USAID/India and EHP/India Technical Assistance Efforts in Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India (2004). Available here  

Recent presentations at National/International Conferences and Advocacy Platforms

  1. Presentation by Siddharth Agarwal and Kanupriya Kothiwal on “Practical Strategies that can Improve Lives of Informal Workers and Settlement Dwellers” presented at the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine (LSTM), Liverpool, England. July 6th 2023. Available here
  2. Poster Presentation by Kanupriya Kothiwal on “Understanding access and adoption of family planning measures among the urban disadvantaged: Evidence from Indore City” at 5th International Conference on Family Planning. Kigali, Rwanda. November 12th, 2018.  Available here  
  1. Presentation by Siddharth Agarwal on “Neighbourhood data and action for Health and Well-being in informal settlements” at Panel Discussion on Climate change, health and well-being for cities and informal settlements in the Global South, IIED, London, UK. July 9th, 2018. Available here 
  1. Presentation by Siddharth Agarwal on “Community Model to Improve Slum Health in Smart Cities, Wards, Localities: Practical Learning from Programme in Indore and Agra. National Conference on Opportunities and Challenges to Achieve SDGs 5 and 6. FWTRC Diamond Jubilee, at GMC Gymkhana, Marine Drive, Mumbai. 6th May, 2017. Available here  
  1. Addressing Challenges of Equitable Health, Nutrition and Well-being in a rapidly Urbanizing India: An Imperative for Government, NGOs and Citizens by Siddharth Agarwal. Public Health Lecture. National Institute of Health and Family Welfare, Delhi September 6 2013. Available here –  
  1. Incrementalism in Addressing Challenges of Slums: Lessons from Urban Health Practice in India, S Agarwal and International Conference on Urban Health, 2009, Nairobi. Available here 

Video of Conference Presentations

  1. Presentation by Kanupriya Kothiwal on “Factors Influencing Seasonal and Long-Term Migration to Cities: A Case Study of Indore, Central India” at the 5th Asian Population Conference. 3rd August 2021. Available here 
  1.  Presentation by Kanupriya Kothiwal on “Learning how Informal Workers in Indore Deal with Heat Stress” at the 5th Asian Population Conference. 3rd August 2021. Available here 
  1. Webinar on ‘Making Cities Belong to those who Build Them: Towards a More Inclusive Urbanization’ organized by Baha’i Chair of Devi Ahilya University, Indore on 9th July 2020. Available here  
  1. IUSSP panel on Family planning, fertility and urban welfare in the rapidly growing cities of sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia: Policy implications. 13th November 2018.  Available here 
  1. Presentation by Siddharth Agarwal on “Building an Investment Case for Slum Upgrading and Health-Promoting Urban Environments​” at Forum on Microbial Threats​ Urbanization and Slums: New Transmission Pathways to Infectious Diseases in the Built Environment, National Academies of Sciences, Washington D.C. ​13th December 2017. Available here  
  1. Presentation by Siddharth Agarwal on “Practical approaches towards equitable, sustainable health and wellbeing in smart cities” at Building Bridges to Opportunity in Digital Economy. 8th October 2015. India International Centre (IIC), New Delhi. Available here 
  1. Presentation by Siddharth Agarwal on “Equitable Approaches towards healthcare” at Healthcare Leader’s Forum. 4th March 2012. Available here 
  1. Presentation by Siddharth Agarwal on “Health Inequalities in India’s Cities” at The Urban Age Conference, Hong Kong. November 2011. Available here 

Conference Abstracts

  1. Sverdlik, A., Kothiwal, K., Verma, S., & Agarwal, S. (2023). Climate change, occupational and environmental risks facing informal workers and residents of informal settlements: Towards Resilience in Indore (India). Paper presented at DSA (Development Studies Association) 2023, University of Reading, United Kingdom. Available here
  2. Agarwal, S., Kothiwal, K., Verma, S., & Sharma, M. (2023). Lessons from slums during COVID-19 in Indore and Agra, India towards better preparedness for future pandemics. Population Medicine5(Supplement). Available here
  3. Kothiwal, K., Agarwal, S., & Verma, S. (2023). Women’s collectives address health determinants in urban slums of Indore, India. Population Medicine, 5(Supplement). Available here
  4. Agarwal, S., Verma, N., Verma, S., Kothiwal, K., & Mandloi, N. (2021). Birth Preparedness and Complication Readiness (BPACR) among brick kiln workers in Indore, India. European Journal of Public Health. Available here. 
  5. Agarwal, S., Verma, N., Verma, S., Vishvakarma, K., & Kothiwal, K. (2021). Vegetable gardening in slum homes for food security especially in COVID-19 and well-being in India. European Journal of Public Health. Available here 
  6. Agarwal, S., Kothiwal, K., Verma, S., Sharma, M., Sharma, C. B., & Verma, N. (2021). Effects of COVID-19 on maternal, child healthcare (MCH) services in slums: lessons from India. European Journal of Public Health. Available here 
  7. Agarwal, S., Sharma, M; Sharma, C B., Kothiwal K. (2021) Access to Abortion Services among Urban Poor Women during COVID-19 Pandemic Induced Lockdown: Evidence from Agra, India. International Population Conference. 5th-10th December 2021. Abstract Available here  
  8. Agarwal, S., Verma S., Sharma M., Sharma, C B., Verma, N., Kothiwal K. (2021) Challenges in Accessing Family Planning Services During COVID-19 Lockdown by Urban Poor: Evidence from Indore and Agra. International Population Conference. 5th-10th December 2021. Abstract Available here  
  9. Agarwal S & Kaushik S (2021). Dynamics of Fertility and Family Planning among the Urban Poor in India: Findings from NFHS 2, 3 and 4. International Population Conference. 5th-10th December 2021. Abstract Available here 
  10. Agarwal S., Verma S., Verma N., Kothiwal K (2020). Assessing and implementing practical ways to address slum health determinants: Learning from IndiaEuropean Journal of Public Health.  Available here 
  11. Agarwal, S., Verma, S., Kothiwal, K., Verma, N. Vishvakarma. K. (2020). Local solutions by slum communities to deal with summer water scarcity: Learning from Indore, India. European Journal of Public Health. Available here  
  12. Agarwal, S., Verma, S., Verma, N., & Kothiwal, K. (2019). Understanding access and adoption of family planning measures among the urban disadvantaged: evidence from Indore city, India. Gates Open Res, 3. Available here  
  13. Jacobson, Audrey, Ray, Dipan, Moore, Ronnie, Agarwal, Siddharth (2013) Pharmacists and community partners collaborate to identify and address community health issues in the slums of Agra, India. Available here  
  14. Consultative program planning and participatory assessment for health programming in slums. Siddharth Agarwal, Dr, Mukesh Bhachawat, Arti Bhanot, Mani Gupta, Prabhat Jha, Praveen Jha, Sandeep Kumar, and Karishma Srivastava. Available here  
  15. Diversity in health challenges across cities in India: Need for context specific response. S Agarwal, R Kumar, A Srivastava, S Kaushik, P Banerjee.: October 2009 Journal of Urban Health 86(3):437-438: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine. Available here  

List of External Resources

  1. Global Report on Urban Health: Equitable, Healthier cities for Sustainable Development. World Health Organization & UN-HABITAT. 2016. Available here 
  1. NUHM (National Urban Health Mission), Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, May 2013 – Available here 
  1. Draft Final Report of the Task Force to Advise the National Rural Health Mission on “Strategies for Urban Health Care”, May 2006 – Available here  
  2. National Urban Health Mission: Draft for Discussion, 2008. Available here